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Pest Guide: Wood Destroying Insects

   

Carpenter Bees

(Xylocopa species)

Carpenter bees look like typical bumblebees but often lack yellow stripes. They are solitary bees.

Dampwood Termites

(Family Hodotermitidae)

’Dampwood termites only infest wood that is rotting or has a very high moisture content. As the name suggests, dampwood termites infest wood with a high moisture content. Dampwood termites are normally larger in size than other termite species. Bodies of king and queen dampwood termites range in size from 1/2 inch to 5/8 inch long and have two pairs of wings that are equal in size and shape and extend beyond their abdomen. Nymphs range up to 5/8 inch and worker dampwood termites are up to 3/4 inch.

Deathwatch Beetle

(Hemicoelus gibbicollis)

Despite its unfortunate name, the Deathwatch Beetle is a significant wood destroying organism is the Greater Puget Sound Region. It will infest softwoods (Douglas fir, hemlock, etc.) that has a higher than normal wood moisture content. Since houses are made of softwoods and crawl spaces can become quite damp, these beetles can be found doing tremendous structural damage under our homes. The adults are rarely seen and it is the larvae that do all of the damage. The adults will emerge in early Summer and leave a small ‘buckshot hole’ appearance to the wood over the years.

Drywood Termites

(Family Kalotermitidae)

These social insects infest dry wood and do not require contact with the soil.

Formosan Termites

(C. formosanus)

Originally from China, Formosan termites are the most voracious, aggressive and devious of over 2,000 termite species known to science. Formosan termites are a subterranean species of termite. Swarmer formosan termite are about 1/2 inch in overall length, including their wings.

Powderpost Beetles

(Lyctus brunneus)

Powderpost beetles lay their eggs in cracks of wood and the larvae tunnel into the surface, filling it with a very fine powder-like dust. Powderpost beetles have long, narrow, flat bodies that allow them to easily attack wood surfaces. These beetles are reddish-brown in color.

Subterranean Termites

(Family Rhinotermitidae)

Subterranean termites live in underground colonies or in moist secluded areas aboveground that can contain up to 2 million members. They build distinctive "mud tubes" to gain access to food sources and to protect themselves from open air. Termite colonies are organized into castes depending on tasks -- workers, soldiers and reproductives. The characteristics of a subterranean termite are dependent on the termite's role in the colony. Cream-colored Worker subterranean termites are 1/8 to 3/8's of an inch in length. Soldier subterranean termites are of a similar body length, but are distinguished by their powerful mandibles. Solider termites have cream-colored bodies and brown heads. Reproductive subterranean termites are approximately one inch long.

M.A.D. Exterminators Inc. | 78 S. Trooper Rd. | Norristown PA, 19403 | Admin Login

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